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Adolescent Psychology
Exam 1 Study Guide
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Study Guide for Test 1 (Chapters 1-4)
Stereotypes versus Scientific Study of Adolescents

            What are the stereotypes?

            How are these perpetuated?

 

Historical Changes in Adolescence

            Physically        

            Culturally

           

Definition of Adolescence

 

General Idea of

Physical Development

            Cognitive Development

            Emotional Development

            Social Development

            Behavioral Development

 

Four Major Questions facing Adolescents

 

Theoretical Perspectives (general ideas)

            Freud

            Erikson

            Piaget

            Vygotksy

 

Sequence of Biological/Pubertal Changes

Males?

Females?

 

Adolescents and Nutrition

            What are they eating?

            Are they getting enough sleep?

            What about Exercise?

 

Adolescents and Sports

            Males versus Females

            Types of activities?

            Pros and Cons of Sports

 

Leading Causes of Death for Adolescents

            1.

            2.

            3.

 

Relative To Development

Nature/Nurture Controversy

Continuity/Discontinuity Controversy

Early/Later Experiences Controversy

 

Triggers of Puberty

           

5 Physical Occurrences from Puberty

1.      Growth Spurt

2.      Body Composition

3.      Circulatory and Respiratory change

4.      Primary Sex Characteristics

5.      Secondary Characteristics

 

Early versus Late onset of Puberty

            Males versus Females

 

Information-Processing

            LTM, STM, Working Memory, Attention,

 

5 Chief Changes in Cognition

 

Intelligence

            What is deemed normal?

            How do we get IQ scores?

 

Theories of Multiple Intelligences

            Sternbergs Triarchi Theory

            Gardners 8 Frames of Mind

 

Nature/Nurture Controversy Relative to Intelligence

 

Adolescent Egocentrism

Personal Fable

Imaginary Audience