Psychology: Foundation for Teaching
–We want more objective source of information
lPsychological and educational research
Aim of Research in EdPsy
lTest various theories that guide actions of teachers
Example: What is theory behind teacher behavior?
lTeacher 1: rewards best attendance
–rewarding attendance will increase it
lTeacher 2: rewards most improved attendance
–poor attenders need incentives to come to class
lTeacher 3: rewards no one but instead provides creative fun lessons
lTeachers need to understand the combination of factors that shape the
classroom and thus be able to apply the most appropriate theory
lWhat is the difference between teaching and learning?
lWhat makes a teacher effective?
lHow do students learn best?
Teaching versus Learning
Upon summers end, two boys were taking their dogs
for a walk.
One boys asks, “What did you do this summer.”
“Well, I taught my dog to talk.”
“Really” says the first boy.
“Yes, really, I spent all summer teaching
him to talk.”
“That great, but I haven’t heard him
“Well, I said I taught him to talk, I didn’t
say he learned to talk.”
What Makes a Good Teacher?
Mastering Teaching Skills
Determinants of Good Teaching
The Intentional Teacher
Characteristics of the Intentional Teacher
Brief History of EdPsy
lWm. James - Stretched Mind; Psych to children
lJohn Dewey - Hands on learning!
lE.L. Thorndike - Assessment, Reasoning, Statistics
lLeta Hollingsworth - EO for Women/Minorities
lLink: http://courses.ed.asu.edu/berliner/readings//journey.htm (100 year journey of edpsy)
Why do educational psychologists spend so much
time conducting research? Why is it important?
What does it provide for teachers?
Research – Why?
ltried and true recipe; proof
lEdPsy Research helps answer following:
–Describe – What is nature of behavior?
–Understand – Why does it occur?
–Predict – Can we predict when it will occur?
–Control – What conditions affect it?
–Prevent – How can we best prevent it?
lWhat are some types of research used by educational psychologists?
lSurvey or Interview
–Teachers wants to know effect of study guide on test scores
lG1: study guide
lG2: no study guide
–Measure test results
lMost often used in EdPsy
lRelationship of 2 events, characteristics
–Is there a rx between age and IQ? Study time and test score?
lPositive, Negative, No relationship
Positive or Negative?
lNumber of books a student reads in a year and reasoning
lTeacher-child ratio and student attention
lShoe Size and IQ?
lDays absent and grades?
Which type of research should I use?
lDepends on the question being asked
Descriptive, Experimental or Correlational?
kinds of aggressive behaviors do we see in our schools, and with what frequencies do we see them?
students more likely to be aggressive at school if their parents are physically violent at home?
method is most effective in reducing aggressive behavior- reinforcing appropriate behavior, punishing aggressive behavior,
or a combination of both?
•What Makes a Good Teacher?
•What Is the Role of Research in Educational Psychology?
•What Research Methods Are Used in Educational Psychology?