Make your own free website on

Advanced Educational Psychology

Intelligence Lecture Notes
Home | Study Guide Exam 1 | Study Guide Exam 2 | Announcements | Instructor Info | Class Syllabus | Schedule Fall 2007 | APA Links | Humor | Introduction to Educational Psychology Lecture Notes | Theories of Development Lecture Notes | Intelligence Lecture Notes | Exceptional Learners Lecture Notes | Multicultural Education Lecture Notes | Social Constructivism | Motivation | Behavioral Learning Theories and Social Learning Theory | Information-Processing and Cognitive Learning Theories | Assessing Student Learning | Standardized Testing | Planning, Instruction, Design | GRADES

Intelligence and

Individual Differences

What is intelligence?

Is it a general trait? Or Collection of specific skills?

Is it affected by genetics?

How much is nurtured by environment?

How important is it for success?


person's capacity to

(1) acquire knowledge (i.e. learn and understand),

(2) apply knowledge (solve problems),

(3) engage in abstract reasoning 

Origin of IQ

Alfred Binet (1904)

True deficits versus more capable (but lazy)

Created test made up of intellectual questions and problems

Learned questions an average child could answer at each age

Administer test to gauge student’s intelligence

How do we determine IQ?

Mental Age/Chronological Age x 100


What is the normal IQ?

Is IQ result of Nature or Nurture?

Nature/Nurture Question


Twins reared apart show similar IQ’s


Higher SES - higher IQs than Lower SES

Should we view intelligence based solely on analytical thinking and reasoning skills?

A Different View of Intelligence

What about street smarts?

What if a child cannot read well but can program computers?

What if a child cannot do math but can play an intricate piece of music?

Are they intelligent?

IQ scores would show low IQ

Multiple Intelligences: Gardner

Actually 8 different kinds of intelligences

Language (Word smart)

Logic and Math (Number smart)

Visual and Spatial Thinking (Picture smart)

Music (Music Smart)

Bodily-Kinesthetic Skills (Body Smart)

Intrapersonal Skills (Self Smart)

Interpersonal Skills (People smart)

Naturalistic Skills (Nature Smart)

Educational Implications?

What should educators keep in mind about intelligence?

Students are tracked based on scores on standardized tests. What are your thoughts about tracking?


Within Class


3 levels of Reading Groups within 5th grade classroom

Between Class

Vocational versus College Prep

What are some pros and cons with tracking?

Other questions about IQ

Do IQ tests even predict how one will effectively cope with the world?

What about ACT and other Standardized tests? Are these accurate?

Should we eliminate use of tests as basis for entrance into colleges, programs, etc?

How can we best measure intelligence?

Enter content here

Enter content here

Enter content here

Enter supporting content here