General Psychology: Exam 2 Study Guide
What is consciousness?
Can we study it scientifically?
Sleep – Characteristics,
Stages, States, Need for, Patterns, Costs of sleep loss
Dreams - why do we dream? Different theories about interpreting dreams
Questions from class Video
(ones that you made up)
What is learning?
What is reinforcement? What
Classical Conditioning –
Be able to identify NS, UCS, CS, UCR, CR in given scenario. Be able to come up with own scenario. Also define and offer examples
of generalization, discrimination, extinction.
What is Garcia effect
Operant Conditioning –
Be able to come up with examples of Positive and Negative Reinforcement, Type I and Type II Punishment, Definitions of Reinforcement
and Punishment, General Ideas about how and when to use each
Know Schedules of Reinforcement
and Examples of Each (FI, VI, FR, VR)
Bandura’s Model of
Observational Learning – What does theory say about how we learn behavior? What do the scientific studies suggest?
What is memory?
Definitions of Encoding,
Storage, Retrieval, Chunking
Stages of Memory and Characteristics
of Each (SM, STM, LTM)
What is elaborative rehearsal?
What is maintenance rehearsal?
Definitions of Recall, Recognition
Levels of Processing and
Example of each
How can one improve memory?
Definition of personality
Traits versus Type
Characteristics of Type A
and B personality
General Understanding of
Types of Personality Assessments