Exam 1 Study Guide
What is psychology? Definition
What types of topics to psychologists study?
What do psychologists hope to achieve?
5 Views on Psychology
Research Methods (Types and Advantages/Disadvantages to each)
What are some potential research biases? And how can you control for them?
What does standardization mean? Why do we do it?
What is theory? Hypothesis?
What is the relationship between brain and behavior?
What is Nature versus Nurture Controversy relative to Development?
Cognitive Development (Piaget's theory and Stages)
Vygotsky's Theory (Scaffolding, Zone of Proximal Development)
Developmental Milestones Across the Lifespan
Erikson's theory and Stages
Types of Normal Childhood Problems
Types of Serious Childhood Problems
Adolescence (Peer Groups, Identity, Early/Late Maturation)
Challenges of Adulthood
Intelligence Quotients (IQ)
The Mentally Gifted
Multiple Intelligence (Gardner's Theory)
Nature/Nurture Controversy relative to Intelligence