Learners who are exceptional
What does it mean to be an exceptional learner?
Individuals whose physical, mental or behavioral performance is very different from the norm – higher or lower
– that additional services are needed to meet their needs.
What percentage of K-12 students receive special educational services?
Approximately 12% of K-12 students receive SPED services
Of this 12%, how many receive services for having a learning disability?
Label is just a label
More to me than just a disability!
Collaboration w/ family
What types of disorders and disabilities will you come across as K-12 teachers?
If you had a child with epilepsy who was prone to seizures in your class, how would you prepare other students?
1.5% of population; 89% mild
Inadequate intellectual functioning
Deficits in adaptive behavior
55-70 Mild (EMH/EMR)
40-54 Moderate (TMH/TMR)
Below 25 Profound
Causes of MR
75% of time we don’t know
Infections, environmental hazards, FAS
Speech and Language Disorders
1/5 of spec ed population
Articulation disorders (r’s, th’s)
Receptive/Expressive Language Disorders
What would you do if you observed students mocking a student who stuttered in class?
Difficulty in at least one academic area
No other diagnosed disorder causing problem
50% of Special Ed population
3x boys; minorities overrepresented SPED
reading, math, written language
Learning Disabilities.. (cont)
Often difficult and takes team effort
Quick to label and place into SPED
Inattention; Hyperactivity; Impulsivity
Diagnosis has doubled in 1990’s
Boys 4-9 x more likely
ADHD .. (cont)
Emotional & Behavioral Disorders
Serious, persistent problems that involve:
Relationships, Aggression, Depression, etc.
Inability to learn unexplained by
Intellectual, sensory, health factors
9% of special ed population
Boys are 3 times more likely
Least Restrictive Environment
Regular class in traditional bldg.
Regular class with TA/para
½ time in resource room/ ½ in reg. class
Full-time special class in regular bldg.
Special School in district
Special School out of district
HELP TEAM Process
Students who are Gifted
What does it mean to be Gifted?
IQ of 120/130+
Superior talent in some domain:
Characteristics of the Gifted
Problem solving skills
High internal motivation
How can you enhance the learning process of a student who is academically gifted?
Educating the Gifted
Community Service Programs